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In the 12th Century the tribes of Scotland banded together and came down out of the Highlands to confront the English armies who had been oppressing them. Among the weapons they carried was the traditional sword of Scotland - the Claymore. Of simple design, it was savagely effective in battle. Often wielded as a two-handed weapon it was simply feared due to its strength and size. It became the weapon of choice for the Scottish Clans. The hilt was simple and contained a modest hand guard. The pommel usually held a knob that featured an engraving of the Clan to which the sword's owner belonged. In length the sword was an impressive 56 inches.


Popularized by the Roman Legions and known among their ranks as the "Gladius", the shortsword was a common weapon of the early ages. Stemming from the Iron and Bronze ages, the sword was approximately 22 - 24 inches in length. Normally infantrymen would use pikes, polearms, javelins and spears as their first weapons of choice in battle. Once the opposing ranks closed and the enemies met face to face, the Shortsword was found to be an efficient weapon. It's small size increased its maneuverability and handling in close and cramped quarters on a battlefield and provided its user with the chance to remain behind a body shield. Its design was improved upon and the weapon was carried into combat by Cavalry officers up until the early 19th Century. During Medieval times it was the choice weapon of archers.