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Developed by the French in the early 1400s, the Bascinet helmet provided tailored comfort and maximum protection. However the helmet did have a noticeable weakness in its lack of side-vision when the visor was closed.
As improvements were made to the 'close helmets', visors began appearing. This gave the knight full vision and excellent peripherals when the visor was raised and protected his entire face when lowered. It is widely believed that when the visor was closed, vision was obscurred. This was not so. The series of holes that were cut into the visor served for ventilation and vision. When the visor was closed the holes were in front of the face at such close range that an optical phenomenon took place which provided decent vision.
{To illustrate this point, while standing, hold a strainer (as used in cooking) about 4 inches above a newspaper. Peer downward and try to read the print. Now, place your face directly into the strainer (to simulate the wearing of the Bascinet Helmet) and the print becomes much more clear.}
The Bascinet Helmet was also one of the first pieces of headgear that contained a fluted steel piece that protected the neck. It's excellent design and usefulness in battle made the helmet popular until the end of the Medieval Ages.